He won the All England Open Badminton Championships in 2001, becoming the second Indian to win after Prakash Padukone.[216][217][218]. Chepa Pulusu. [197] The central universities are All India Institute of Medical Sciences, IIM Visakhapatnam, IIT Tirupati, NIT Tadepalligudem, IIITDM Kurnool,[198] Indian Institute of Petroleum and Energy,[199] NIDV, Central University of Andhra Pradesh, IIIT Sri City, IISER Tirupati, Agriculture University, Guntur and IIFT Kakinada. The state's natural attractions include the beaches of Visakhapatnam, hill stations such as the Araku Valley and Horsley Hills, and the delta of Konaseema in the Godavari River delta. [13][14] It is bordered by Telangana to the north-west, Chhattisgarh to the north, Odisha to the north-east, Tamil Nadu to the south, Karnataka to the west and the Bay of Bengal to the east. The Nizam wanted to retain the independence of the Princely Hyderabad State from India, but the people of the region launched a movement to join the Indian Union. The 34-year-old Sreevani, who holds the tribal welfare portfolio in Y S Jagan Mohan Reddy-led Cabinet, was greeted by the chief minister, her ministerial colleagues and leaders of … The 5 Most Important Festivals of Andhra Pradesh 1.Sankranti. It is the seventh-largest state by area covering an area of 162,975 km (62,925 sq mi) and tenth-most populous state with 49,386,799 inhabitants. Ultimate water and energy requirements of the state can be fully met by the combination of cheap solar power, PHES and irrigation projects economically harnessing renewable energy without much damage to the environment. The Andhra Pradesh government also sought the apex court's direction and/or order to dismiss the contempt petition filed by the Odisha government. Equality of life and fulfilment of cherished goals are meant to be achieved through smart village and smart ward programme which aims at creating model pockets of excellence in Andhra state. Of which Tirupati Urban SP also got transferred. The ACA-VDCA Stadium in Visakhapatnam is the home to Andhra Pradesh cricket team. Summers last from March to June. Later the Communist Party of India (CPI) became the dominant opposition party. The Odisha government has been caught seriously napping on its border front. In broad terms, the people of Andhra are nice and friendly, who live in perfect harmony, inspite of belonging to different castes and following different religions. A clean air, rich soil and acres of virgin land waiting to be tapped for cultivation are positive aspects that making living in Andhra a joyful experience without any major urban woes as in other parts of the country. The Gadaba tribal women are skilled in weaving the cloth. Andhra Pradesh: Sanghamitra doctors perform rare surgery to save life of youth; Andhra double murder case: Alekhya's social media posts point towards her transition towards supernatural frame [61] The Lepakshi group of monuments are culturally and archaeologically significant as it is the location of shrines dedicated to Shiva, Vishnu, and Veerabhadra which were built during the Vijayanagara Kings' period (1336–1646). [50] The roots of the Telugu language have been seen on inscriptions found near the Guntur district and from others dating to the rule of Renati Cholas in the fifth century CE. Bobbatlu. They belonged to the Mundari dialect. In 1994, Andhra Pradesh gave a mandate to the Telugu Desam Party again, and Rao became the Chief Minister again. The main food of Andhra Pradesh is Pulihara, or tamarind rice along with green chillies adding spice to the cuisine. [32] The Tirumala Venkateswara Temple in Tirupati is one of the world's most visited religious sites, with 18.25 million visitors per year. Amaravati: Andhra Pradesh State Election Commissioner N Ramesh Kumar on Wednesday requested the Centre to provide him central police force security cover, saying he apprehends threat to his life and that of his family members. Andhra Pradesh CM Jagan Mohan Reddy's YSRCP candidates are leading on majority of seats while TDP is reported to be a distant second. [200] As per the University Grants Commission, GITAM, KL University and Vignan University are the Deemed Universities in the state. It is one of the most important festivals of Andhra Pradesh. [126] The PepsiCo firm has its largest plant in India at Sri City. Other Hindu saints include Sadasiva Brahmendra, Bhaktha Kannappa, Yogi Vemana, Sathya Sai Baba and Pothuluru Veerabrahmendra. [16] Andhra Pradesh is the first state to be formed on a linguistic basis in India on 1 October 1953. Andhra Pradesh: Culture and Lifestyle. Among these are the temples built during the reign of Sri Krishna Devaraya and Kakatiya dynasty, who took the skill of architecture to pinnacles. [183], Andhra Pradesh has one of the country's largest port at Visakhapatnam in terms of cargo handling. Andhra Pradesh - Climate. [39][40][41], The Assaka Mahajanapada, one of the sixteen Vedic Mahajanapadas, included Andhra, Maharashtra and Telangana. Most of the coastal plains are put to intense agricultural use. Hydel power plants have a capacity of 1671 MW. The Qutb Shahi dynasty held sway over the Andhra country for about two hundred years from the early part of the sixteenth century to the end of the seventeenth century.[67]. In fact, the man himself was said to have called one of his colleagues … [202] Andhra University is the oldest of the universities in the state, established in 1926. Amaravati (Andhra Pradesh) [India], February 20 (ANI): Andhra Pradesh reported 54 new COVID-19 cases in the last 24 hours taking the total count of cases in the state to 8,89,210. [181], As on date the Railways lines in Andhra Pradesh are under the following Railway zones/Divisions, Visakhapatnam Airport, is the only airport in the state with operating international flights while Vijayawada Airport at Gannavaram has launched an international flight to Singapore, recently. In order to fast track growth, the government has launched a novel 7+5+5 mission mode which will usher in qualitative change in the lifestyle of Telugu people, especially the poor and backward. CM Jagan Reddy's YSRCP has swept the Andhra Pradesh panchayat elections by a huge margin, taking Chandrababu Naidu's TDP further down. [186][187], Andhra Pradesh has an overall literacy rate of 67.41% as per the 2011 Indian census. [73] Number of petitions questioning the validity of Andhra Pradesh Reorganisation Act, 2014 is long pending for the verdict since April 2014 before the Supreme Court constitutional bench.[74]. 19 February 1804. [72] The new state of Telangana came into existence on 2 June 2014 after approval from the President of India. [71] Hyderabad was made the capital of the new state. [53], The Reddi kingdom (1325–1448 CE) was established by Prolaya Vema Reddi in the early 14th century, who ruled from present day Kondaveedu. Reliance Industries struck nine trillion cubic feet of gas reserves in the KG basin, 150 km (93 mi) off the Andhra Pradesh coast near Kakinada. [130] During 2016, nearly 3.8 trillion m3 (134 trillion cu ft) of methane hydrate deposits were explored in KG basin whose extraction was adequate to impart energy security for many decades to India. Children in the age group of 0–6 years are 5,222,384, constituting 10.6% of the total population, among them 2,686,453 are boys and 2,535,931 are girls. [6], There are 24,738,068 male and 24,648,731 female citizens—a sex ratio of 996 females per 1000 males, higher than the national average of 926 per 1000. Beccun lifestyle, Dulapalli, Andhra Pradesh, India. Andhra Pradesh Triumph of YSRCP-backed candidates in Kuppam a gift to Jagan, says Peddireddi Andhra Pradesh 12 corporations, 75 municipalities to go to polls on March 10 It is bordered by Telangana to the north-west, Chhattisgarh to the north, Odisha to the north-east, Tamil Nadu to the south, Karnataka to the west and the Bay of Bengal to the east. [109], As of 2014, the Legislative Assembly of Andhra Pradesh is the lower house of the state with 175 members and the Legislative Council is the upper house with 58 members. in Guinness book", "State Wise Registration Details of G.I Applications (15th September, 2003 – Till Date)", "Banaganapalle mangoes finally get GI tag", "The lac industry of Etikoppaka – An art form to cherish", "Archaeological Museum, Amaravati – Archaeological Survey of India", http://www.davp.nic.in/Upload/(S(pyatp4ydvoojmwmj340xys55))/davp_empanel_status.aspx, "Office of Registrar of Newspapers for India", "Prestigious 'Phalke" award conferred to Veteran Film producer D Rama Naidu", "Tollywood loses to Bollywood on numbers", "Andhra Pradesh to develop beach front locations", "Natural world heritage status for Borra Caves sought", "- WELCOME TO GUNTUR DISTRICT OFFICIAL WEBSITE -", "The Templenet Encyclopedia – Temples of Andhra Pradesh", "4000-km Andhra Pradesh highways to be maintained by private companies", "New 'AP 39' code to register vehicles in Andhra Pradesh launched", "Statewise Length of Railway Lines and Survey For New Railway Lines", "Statement showing category-wise No.of stations", "Hidden 100 – 58 tunnels. [134] PHES projects also has synergy with the lift irrigation projects in storing water available during the monsoon season and supplying to the uplands throughout the year. Andhra Pradesh. It is also connected to other countries by means of airways and seaports as well. The state is well connected to other states through road and rail networks. The industrial sector of the state includes some of the key sectors like pharmaceutical, automobile, textiles etc. The aim of the government is to reduce the subsidy burden resulting from the supply of uninterrupted free power to farmers. Andhra Pradesh, Indian state located in the southeastern part of the subcontinent. Nara Chandrababu Naidu, Rao's son-in-law, came to power in 1995 with the backing of a majority of the MLAs. [78] The forest in the state can be broadly divided into four major biotic provinces. [169] NH 16, with a highway network of around 1,000 km (620 mi) in the state, is a part of Golden Quadrilateral Project undertaken by National Highways Development Project. Updated: February 18, 2021 3:22 pm IST Up Next. A group of people named Andhras was mentioned in Sanskrit texts such as Aitareya Brahmana (800–500 BCE). Local power plants of 9,600 MW capacity only are supplying electricity in the state, which includes Simhadri Super Thermal Power Station (2000 MW) of NTPC, Vizag Thermal Power Station (1040 MW), Rayalaseema Thermal Power Station (1650 MW), Sri Damodaram Sanjeevaiah Thermal Power Station (1600 MW), and Narla Tata Rao Thermal Power Plant (1760 MW). The police suspect that the family had apparently been following certain cult practices for some time. [57], The Vijayanagara Empire originated in the Deccan Plateau region in the early 14th century. [190][191] As per the child info and school information report (2018–19), there were a total of 7,041,568 students,[192] enrolled in 62,063 schools respectively. They were succeeded by the Musunuri Nayaks. Later the Nizam rulers of Hyderabad ceded five territories to the British that eventually became the Rayalaseema region. [54][55][56] Efforts are in progress to classify Kondaveedu Fort as a UNESCO World Heritage Site. [24] It was ruled by Satavahanas, Eastern Chalukyas, Andhra Ikshvakus, Vijayanagara Empire, Mauryan Empire, Cholas, Pallavas, Salankayanas, Vishnukundinas, Kakatiyas and Rashtrakutas. On Saturday, Andhra Pradesh held panchayat elections in three villages in the Kotia cluster, which is at the centre of a dispute between Andhra Pradesh and Odisha. The 1989 elections ended the rule of Rao, with the INC returning to power with Marri Chenna Reddy at the helm. [17] Andhra Pradesh was once a major Buddhist pilgrimage site in India and a Buddhist learning center which can be seen in many sites in the state in the form of ruins, chaityas and stupas[18][19] Andhra Pradesh is also known as the land of the world-famous diamond Koh-i-Noor and many other global known diamonds due to their presence in its Kollur Mine once. Nannayya wrote the first treatise on Telugu grammar called Andhra Shabda Chintamani in Sanskrit, as there was no grammatical work in Telugu prior to that. However, Komaram Bheem, a tribal leader, started his fight against the erstwhile Asaf Jahi Dynasty for the liberation of Hyderabad State. [7] The primary and secondary school education is imparted by government, aided and private schools, managed and regulated by the School Education Department of the state. The vegetation found in the state is largely of dry deciduous types with a mixture of teak, Terminalia, Dalbergia, Pterocarpus, Anogeissus, etc. [155] C. Pullaiah is cited as the father of Telugu theatre movement. Andhra Pradesh is India’s eighth largest state in terms of area and the tenth largest in terms of population. Under the scheme, items like rice, dal, sugar, etc are … [148], The print media in the state consists mainly of Telugu and English newspapers. The IT/ITES revenues of Visakhapatnam is at ₹14.45 billion (US$200 million) in 2012–2013. In 1947, Vizianagaram was the largest Hindu princely state in Andhra Pradesh. About one-third of the total rainfall is brought by the northeast monsoon. Pongal, or Sankranti, is one of the largest festivals in India, celebrated in different states with unique flavors of their own. The state has several beaches in its coastal districts such as Rushikonda, Mypadu, Suryalanka etc. Lambasingi in Visakhapatnam district is also nicknamed as the "Kashmir of Andhra Pradesh" due to its relatively cool climate as compared to others and the temperature ranges from 0 to 10 °C (32 to 50 °F).[81][82]. This broke the long-time single party monopoly enjoyed by the INC. It is bounded by Tamil Nadu to the south, Karnataka to the southwest and west, Telangana to the northwest, and Odisha to the northeast. Former Andhra Pradesh minister arrested in Hyderabad for kidnap. [29] The state has a total of thirteen districts, nine located in Coastal Andhra and four in Rayalaseema. There are many wildlife and bird sanctuaries in Andhra Pradesh. The state of Andhra Pradesh is located in South India and is home to the Telugu people. "[95], The region played a central role in the development of Mahayana Buddhism, along with the Magadha-area in northeastern India. The state of Hyderabad was integrated into the Indian Union with Operation Polo in 1948.[69]. It was established in 1336 by Harihara Raya I and his brother Bukka Raya I of the Sangama Dynasty. Andhra Pradesh ranks tenth of all Indian States in the Human Development Index scores[85] with a score of 0.416. [159] In the years 2005, 2006 and 2008, the Telugu film industry produced the largest number of films in India, exceeding the number of films produced in Bollywood. It is an exporter of many agricultural products and is also known as "Rice Bowl of India". [30] The economy of Andhra Pradesh is the seventh-largest state economy in India with ₹9.33 trillion (US$130 billion) in gross domestic product and a higher than national average per capita GDP of ₹164,000 (US$2,300). The INC ruled the state from 1956 to 1982. Cherukuri Lenin (1985 or 1986 – 24 October 2010) was an Indian archer and coach who won a silver medal at the Asian Grand Prix in Malaysia and was a national archery coach. [180] The railway station of Shimiliguda was the first highest broad gauge railway station in the country. The state has a total road network of 53,403 km (33,183 mi), of which 6,401 km (3,977 mi) of National highways, 14,722 km (9,148 mi) of state highways and 32,280 km (20,060 mi) of district roads. [167] Arma Konda peak located in Visakhapatnam district is the highest peak in Eastern Ghats. They constructed Kondaveedu Fort[citation needed], which they ruled between 1328 and 1428, before it was taken over by the Gajpathis of Orissa, and later ravaged by the Muslim rulers of the Bahmani kingdom in 1458. Pulihora. English newspapers include Deccan Chronicle and The Hans India. East Godavari district has the highest number of constituencies with 19 and Vizianagaram district has the least with 9 assembly seats. She won the bronze medal on 19 September 2000, in the 69 kg (152 lb) category with a lift of 240 kg (530 lb). July to September is the season for tropical rains. The temples are the location of mural paintings of the Vijayanagara kings, Dravidian art, and inscriptions. Since the state has a long coastal belt the winters are not very cold. 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